Make your own free website on Tripod.com

CITING SOURCES IN THE TEXT

Using Format Recommended in

M.L.A. Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 4th ed.

1.      Author's name in text. (idea)

Tannen has argued that mandarins are good for you (178-85).

2.      Author's name in reference.(idea)

Mandarins are good for you (Tannen 178-85).

3.      Author's name in text. (direct quote)

It may be true, as Robertson maintains, that "in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…" (136).

4.      Author's name in reference. (direct quote)

It may be true that "in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…" (Robertson 136).

5.      Source with no author in text. (idea)

According to "Mandarin," oranges are good for you.

6.      Source with no author in reference. (idea)

Oranges are good for you ("Mandarin").

7.      Source with no author in reference. (direct quote)

According to "Mandarin," the best oranges in the world are mandarins "because they are easy to peel, seedless and always sweet."

8.      Source with no author in reference. (direct quote)

The best oranges in the world are mandarins "because they are easy to peel, seedless and always sweet" ("Mandarin").

YOU NEED INTERNAL DOCUMENTATION FOR ALL QUOTATIONS AND IDEAS (i.e., opinions/thoughts).  YOU DO NOT NEED DOCUMENTATION FOR COMMON KNOWLEDGE (i.e., when Julius Caesar was killed, who killed Julius Caesar, etc.).  BASICALLY, IF IT IS A FACT, YOU DO NOT NEED TO CITE THE SOURCE.  HOWEVER, IF THE AUTHOR IS GIVING AN OPINION ABOUT A FACT, YOU MUST CITE THE WORK.  WHEN YOU CITE A SOURCE, YOU NEED ONLY PUT THE AUTHOR’S LAST NAME AND PAGE # FROM THE SOURCE IN PARATHENSES.

***Remember: If you quote a source, it needs to be on your works cited (bibliography) page at the end of the paper.